Wood might equal Air and Metal might equal Aether.
The Golden Dawn's Elemental/Directional CorrespondencesThe Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn codified some of these correspondences in the 19th century. Most notable here are the cardinal directions. The Golden Dawn originated in England, and the directional/elemental correspondences reflect a European perspective. To the south are the warmer climates, and thus is associated with fire. The Atlantic ocean lies to the west. The north is cold and formidable, a land of earth but sometimes not a lot else. Occultists practicing in America or elsewhere sometimes do not find these correspondences to work.
|Earth is YIN||pentacles||north||Taurus, Virgo, and Capricorn||Gnomes, Leprechauns, Elves, Brownies|
|Water is YIN||cups||west||Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces||Nymphs, Tritons, Mermaids,Undine, Sirens|
|Fire is YANG||wands||south||Aries, Leo and Sagittarius||Salamander, jin (genies)|
|Air is YANG||swords||east||Gemini, Libra, and Aquarius||Sylph, Faeries, Storm Angels|
- Air is primarily wet and secondarily hot.
- Fire is primarily hot and secondarily dry.
- Earth is primarily dry and secondarily cold.
- Water is primarily cold and secondarily wet.
The five major planetsare associated with and named after the elements: Venus 金星 is Metal (金), Jupiter 木星 is Wood (木), Mercury 水星 is Water (水), Mars 火星 is Fire (火), and Saturn 土星 is Earth (土). Additionally, the Moon represents Yin (陰), and the Sun 太陽 represents Yang (陽). Yin, Yang, and the five elements are recurring themes in the I Ching, the oldest of Chinese classical texts which describes an ancient system of cosmology and philosophy. The five elements also play an important part in Chinese astrology and the Chinese form of geomancy known asFeng shui
- Earth represented things that were solid.
- Water represented things that were liquid.
- Fire represented things that destroy.
- Air represented things that moved.
- Spirit represented things not of our everyday life.