|1810||Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe||Theory of Colours|
|1855||Michele Eugene Chevreul||The Principles of Harmony and Contrast in Colors|
|1900s||Albert Munsell||Munsell Color Systems|
|1906||Jung met Freud|
|1916||Wilhelm Ostwald||The Color Primer|
|1920s||Johannes Itten||Painter and Professor at Bauhaus Design Academy|
|1925||Belle Northrup||A Short Description of Historic Fashion|
|1935||Belle Northrup||The Story of Costume Told in Pictures|
|1942||Suzanne Caygill||Personal Color Analysis originated|
|1943||Grace Margaret Morton||The Arts of Costume and Personal Appearance|
|1940s||Rober Dorr||Color Key System|
|1952||Living with Suzanne TV Show|
|1963||Josef Albers||Interaction of Color|
|1960s||Lois Marlow-Scott||student of Caygill, Ten Thousand Colors|
|1964||Joan Songer||Personal Style Counselors|
|1972||Fran Muntz||Director of Beauty for You, New Zealand|
|1974||Debra Lindquist||Color Profiles, Ltd.|
|1977||Bernice Kentner||Color Me A Season|
|1978||John Kitchener||Personal Style Counselors|
|1980||Suzanne Caygill||Color: The Essence of You|
|1980||Carole Jackson||Color Me Beautiful|
|1980s||Anne Sagendorph-Moon||trained in Caygill Method|
|1980s||Carolyn Miller||House of Color|
|1980||Jane Segerstrom||Look Like Yourself and Love It|
|1981||Carla Mathis||The Body Beautiful Insititute|
|1982||Pat Scott Vincent||Colourflair|
|1983||Naomi Donner||Color for Body & Soul|
|1985||Joan Calloway||The Color Connection|
|1986||Joanne Nicholson and Judy Lewis-Crum||Color Wonderful|
|1987||Jennifer Robin||Clothe Your Spirit, Growing More Beautiful|
|1988||Jane Segerstrom||Style Strategy|
|1989||Rochele HC Hirsch||Graduate of Caygill's Academy|
|~1992||Taylor B. Sinclaire||IlluminEssensce|
|1995||Angela Wright||Color Psychology|
|1997||Robert Rohm||DISC Personality|
|1997||Darin Wright||Elea Blake|
|1999||Maytee Garza||Reveal Consultancy|
|~2001||Kathryn Kalisz||Sci/Art originator|
|2002||Kerry Stitch||Sci/Art consultant|
|2005||Lauren Battistini||Color My Closet|
|2005||Jenifer Butler||Reinventing Your Style|
|Cathy Wiliams||Ten Thousand Colors|
|2008||Christine Scaman||Return to Your Natural Colors|
|2008||Anna Villaruel||The Chic Fashionista|
|2009||Donna Cognac||The Color Advisor|
|2009||Norma Virgin||Color Alliance|
|2009||Lora Alexander||Pretty Your World|
|2010||Carol Tuttle||Dressing Your Truth|
|2010||David Zyla||Color Your Style|
|2011||Wendy J. Smith||All Your Winning Colors|
|Kathy Pfeiffer||Beauty Valued|
|RoseAnn Woolpert||Personal Color Palettes|
|Truth is Beauty|
|Ylena Starikova||Seasonal Color Analysis blog|
|Irenee Riter||The Science of Personal Dress|
|Donna Fujii||Color With Style|
Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe was a German philosopher who first published his Theory of Colours in 1810, which was later edited by Rudolf Steiner. It was published in English in 1840 by John Murray of London. He did not apply his theory of color to anything like seasonal color analysis; that came later.
- Rudolf Steiner was an Austrian philosopher and the founder of the Waldorf Schools and Anthropososphy. In 1882, Steiner was asked to edit a new release of Goethe’s works. There is a book on color by Rudolf Steiner which contains 12 lectures on the subject, entitled simply “Colour.”
- The name Munsell is probably the most known in association with color theory. Albert Munsell was an artist and professor who established a system of understanding aspects of color and human perception of color. He defined three aspects of color: hue, value and chroma. Hue includes the idea of colors being cool or warm. Value refers to the depth or lightness of colors. And chroma relates to whether a color is pure and clear or muted in some way by the addition of other colors (white, gray and black)."
Early History of Color Analysis
Johannes Itten was a Swiss expressionist painter and art theoretician and member of the Bauhaus design academy. He is considered to be the source of the color analysis systems started by Suzanne Caygill and Carole Jackson. He was the founder of the idea of four types of people with different color palettes and to refer to these types with the names of the seasons. One purpose for this was in assisting painters in doing portraits.
Carl Jung (met Freud in 1906)
"Carl Jung, a renowned psychiatrist and proponent of art therapy, encouraged his patients to use color because he felt this would help them express some of the deeper parts of their psyche. It is believed that the color choices you make reflect a deeper meaning about your personality traits. For example, introverts and extroverts are likely to choose different colors – blue and red respectively. Man and His Symbols , Psychological Types (The Collected Works of...
Read more: http://www.arttherapyblog.com/online/color-meanings-symbolism/#ixzz1xEPsIKFc "
Morton, Grace: Art of Costume and Personal Appearance c) 1943
McJimsey, Harriet: Art of Fashion in Clothing Selection c) 1959
Key Color System
1942, book 1980
"Suzanne began her work in Personal Color Analysis in 1942 - when she had her revelation about the \"quality\" of color (Clear, Muted, Somber-Rich, Sharp) which she related to the Seasons. In my 12 years with her, she never made mention of Dorr\'s work. Her \"influence\" came from her 2 Aunt\'s interest in color (when she was a girl) and then from her experience as a milliner and designer. She may have found more on Dorr\'s and Itten\'s work later in her career, but her system for naming \"seasons\" was unique at the time."
- Include Suzanne in 1942 as originating her form of Personal Color Analysis (which is very different from all the others because the Season Diagnosis depends on the "quality" of color (Clear, Muted, Somber-Rich, and Sharp) .. not on cool / warm and not on any "sets of color" associated with a season.
- TV Show in 1952 -- "Living with Suzanne"
Lois Marlow-Scott, Ten Thousand Colors
Joan Songer, Personal Style Consulting
PERSONAL STYLE COUNSELORS
COLOR 1, founded in 1968, is a forerunner in the evolution of the Image industry. It was the first company to train professional consultants in this unique segment of the fashion and beauty industries. As an ASSOCIATE or COLOR 1 CONSULTANT, you receive the most progressive, total-image training available. You'll also be part of an international network of Associates and Consultants with whom you can collaborate and learn new "high visibility" ideas and strategies. COLOR 1 has received major coverage in numerous national and international publications including
http://www.thecolor1lady.com/ Leslie Scott, CEO
Dress For Your Future
Trained in the Caygill Method
Director Beauty for You
Debra Lindquist, MA, AICI, CIP AIC CIPMA, AICI, CIP
Debra Lindquist is an image veteran with many years of experience. She has been visible as a consultant, color system designer, retailer and trainer. Her premier color system, Color Profiles, Ltd.™, created in 1974, has been utilized by many consultants and is considered to be one of the finest color design systems available.
Color Me Beautiful
Carole Jackson made colour consultation accessible to the public. She founded the international corporation “Color me Beautiful” in 1974 and wrote a book with the same title as well as a book titled “Make-up with Color me Beautiful”.
Color Me Beautiful c) 1980
by Carole Jackson
Basics of the 4 Color Seasons
- Kentner insisted that skin color was the key to determining the base color that all the others must rest on, not hair or eye color. She believed that skin color alone would determine whether one was a Summer, a Winter, a Spring, or an Autumn. This can cause confusion, because the color of the hair may be the first thing that strikes the observer's eye (particularly if the hair color is dramatic). Okay, so skin tone is the determinant for one’s primary palette of colors. Then, if the hair color itself dictates a different season, this would become the secondary palette of colors.
Seasonal Skin Tone Color Matching
Color Me a Season: How to Find and Use Your...
by Bernice Kentner
Color Me A Season Since 1979, four True Seasons, and 3 blends each. Beautiful names, but little visuals on the site.
Deborah Chase, The Medically Based No Nonsense Beauty Book
"Chase explored the impact of skin pigments on coloration. She noted that there are three primary pigments that give the skin its color: "Melanin, which gives the skin its brown tones; carotene, which imparts the yellow skin tones; and hemoglobin, the red pigment in the blood, which gives the skin its pink and red hues....The three pigments--melanin, carotene, and hemoglobin join one another to produce our flesh tones." wikipedia
"In the 1980's a leading Image Consultant, Carolyn Miller, (House of Color) recognised that, while easy to understand, four seasons on their own was too rigid, inflexible and not sufficient to provide each client with an individual colour analysis that was both representative of their best colours and usable."
There is another out of print set of books that also has a four type system:
Jane Segerstrom's Look Like Yourself and Lo... c) 1980
Style Strategy: Winning the Appearance Game c) 1988
In 1981 Carla Mathis founded ColorStyle, now the Body Beautiful Institute, training Personal Stylists throughout the world to offer the highest level of individualized service in the industry. In 2005 Carla's son Eric joined the company as CEO to help take her life-changing discoveries to a broader audience. Together this dynamic mother-son duo developed the Body Signature System and the Stylist Network--now used by Personal Stylists and Image Consultants worldwide. Thousands of people have been trained by Carla Mathis and her Institute--many have gone on to become top Image Consultants. Used as a textbook at leading design schools, Carla's book The Triumph of Individual Style defined the science and language that Image Consultants use today. Body Beautiful is based in Los Angeles, California.
Pat Scott Vincent
MACC, MFIPI, FFIPI
Founder of Colour Flair
|Color for Body & Soul: Discover Yourself and Your Temperament Through Color|
by Naomi E. Donner
The Color Connection: From a Retailer's Perspective
"A graphic and photographic representation of the Seasonal Color Harmony theory as it relates to the fashion industry and is being taught by color consultants around the world. This book is an essential reference for designers, buyers, sales associates, as well as consumers who wish to expand their knowledge and refine their style with or without having had their colors painted or draped. ... Much of the book is a composite of theories as that I have learned through reading, seminars and from having my colors done eight times, including by Suzanne Caygill, author of Color, The Essence of You. "
By Joan S. Callaway
Joanne Nicholson and Judy Lewis-Crum, Color Wonderful"Another method of analysis was developed by color consultants Joanne Nicholson and Judy Lewis-Crum, whose 1986 book Color Wonderful  explains their classification system, which is based on the amount of contrast in an individual's coloring." wikipedia
David Kibbe's Metamorphosis
Graduate of Suzanne Caygill's Academy of Color
"For a lifetime tool that supports your authentic style, I hand-paint a palette of colors, using acrylic paints, to match and harmonize with your natural coloration."
by Angela Wright, FRSA c) 1995
Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts
correction: NOT a student of Caygill
Who Do You Think You Are Anyway?
by Robert A. Rohm
DISC Personality Test
What does he have to do with color?
See correlations with DYT
Darin Wright of Elea Blake
12 Tone Pictures (examples) - Reveal Consultancy
Maytee Garza Closed her business
This page shows women draped and categorized in the 12 Tones/Seasons along with minipalettes. Maytee Garza, Former Sci\Art Certified Trainer and Analyst c) 1999
Understanding Your Color: A Guide to Personal Color Analysis
Kathryn Kalisz Donovan founder of 12 Tone sytem
student of Caygill
Alan Flusser, Dressing the ManDressing the Man: Mastering the Art of Perm...
Color My Closet: Lauren Battistini
Haute couture feeling from this analyst. Mainly advertising her constulting services.
student of Caygill
Ten Thousand Colors
The Color Advisor
"The principles of repeating one's contrast level as well as the color temperatures and intensities that compliment their personal coloring are combined in a system developed by Donna Cognac. It relates 16 different color harmonies to the energy of nature's five elements: Water, Wood, Fire, Earth, and Metal. Palettes are various combinations of these 5 elemental energies. For example any palette with a very bright appearance or a very warm overall color temperature is a Fire palette to one degree or another and is consistent with the essence of the wearer." Wikipedia
Color Alliance ® (CA) Also known as Beauty For All Seasons - (which no longer exists, actually now it is used in conjunction with Color Me Beautiful/Color Me Direct). How to find an analyst that does this system: http://inside.colorme.com/FindConsultantCMB/index.aspx
It is one of the modern and attractive color analysis methods addressed both at men and women. It was developed by Norma Virgin, an American mathematician, color theory expert, founder of “Beauty For All Seasons, Inc.”. The method consists in a more precise color measurement that eliminates the margin of error, normally related to an individual analysis by the advising analyst. The CA method defines also one’s personal color palette, and this theory led to a major breakthrough in color analysis.
Esthiology license in 1998 from the Aveda Institute in Minneapolis
Color Revival: Understanding the 12 Season ...
Pretty Your World: Color Revival by Lora Alexander
Lora Alexander's Blog
Student of Debra Lindquist
Personal Color Palettes
- My Best Colors: 620 colors from skin tone This is a very different system based on finding your exact skin tone.
- Irenee Riter’s site, The Science of Personal Dress, is like a college course in color and image analysis. Awesome.
Color With Style
- Color With Style She proposes an extensive system of color categorization for Asian, African-American and Latina women. This system hasn't yet caught on, but I think it deserves more attention. One of my goals for the near future is to attempt to reconcile Fujii's system with 12 season analysis. Color With Style
- DominiQue IsbecQue International
The Image Resource Center of New York
- Elaine Stoltz Image Consulting Certified training for image consultants
- Fashion Image Institute
Online Courses for Image Consultants
- Image Innovators Innovative • Image Resources • Training
- The ImageMaker, Inc.® Your Source for Training/Educating/ Mentoring/ Communications Worldwide