Temperament, Personality & Mood

Temperament and Personality are related but different.  I may have blogged on this before... The reason is it interesting is that it may be related to Secondaries.  I am wondering if our dominant type is our Temperament and our Secondaries are more related to our Personality... or our attachment to our learned Personality factors feel more real to us than our Temperament, so we think it negates or contradicts it somehow, or in some other way clouds our understanding of our deeper nature.  Also, temperament is so much simpler and basic, and then we throw a lot of judgments on top of it, which are really more personality features...

Temperament is pretty constant your entire life (probably) and even biological. (Nature)
Personality is a layer above temperament, learned, culturally and experience influenced. (Nurture)
Temperament and Personality are the platform upon which your  moods and emotions happen.
(For example, the Sanguine temperament provides a generally positive baseline, 
while the Melancholic is a generally negative temperament platform).
Mood is above both and fluctuates extensively (unless it gets stuck, which is a mood disorder).

"Some of the characteristics related to temperament include: activity (relaxed or moving around), regularity (sleeping habits), initial reaction (withdrawal or approach), adaptability (adjustments to changes), intensity (reactions), mood (happiness or sadness), distractibility (concentration), persistence (losing interest in some activity), and sensitivity (stimulation).""Personality is what arises within an individual. Personality, which remains throughout an individual’s life, is made up of certain characteristic patterns like behavior, feelings, and thoughts. Some of the fundamental characteristics related to personality are: consistency, psychological and physiological impact on behaviors and actions, and multiple expressions."

"Temperament is only one part of our makeup; personality and character comprise the other two parts. Your personality -- the way you project yourself -- is actually an outgrowth of your temperament. Character determines who you really are. Sometimes people project a good personality but have a bad character...

Temperament is not personality. What is temperament? The involuntary cause of your actions and reactions that influences approximately 20 to 30 percent of your current behavior. Note the adjective 'involuntary.' That means it is beyond your control. In fact, your academic interests and vocational abilities often result from the makeup of your temperament."
Tim La Haye

Correlation of the Four Temperaments and Depression

In a previous post on depression, I discovered that all types (temperaments) get depressed, just differently.

  • Type 1s are often hyperthymic (elevated, hypomanic) which is anxious and agitated, or hyper
  • Type 2s are often depressive because their energy is generally so low and sluggish
  • Type 3s are often anesthetic (insensitive) and are only depressed when they don't achieve what they think they should be able to
  • Types 4s are hyperesthetic (overly sensitive) nervous perfectionists, distressed when they fear inferiority
"Personality is divided into two parts: temperament and character.  Temperament is what we are born with; it emerges from biological codes in our genes as we develop. Examples include:
1) How much sleep we need
2) How much we avoid danger or seek out new situations
3) How much we persist; how easily we let go 
Character, in contrast, comes not from our genetics but from our experience of life. It is influenced by culture, upbringing, friendships and major life events.  Character and temperament overlap and influence each other: there is no clean line separating nature from nurture.
Temperament and Mood
Research has identified four temperaments that are associated with mood disorders: hyperthymiccyclothymicdysthymic and irritable.  This research is still limited: not everyone who has these temperaments will develop a mood disorder, and many people with mood disorders do not have these temperaments. "

So again

  • hyperthymic means elevated mood, T1
  • dysthymic means low grade depressive, probably T2
  • irritable and mistrustful probably relates to Choleric or T3
  • cylcothymic means cycles of mood, which is not correlated with T4, so these don't quite match up, but that's ok
One of my better posts correlating the Temperaments and Types

Personality models

There are a range of models relating to personality. although some are more about preferences and typing than inherent personality. These include:

... but hey, don't listen to me, EXPRESS YOUR TRUTH! Jane
EXPRESSING YOUR TRUTH: Informed by Astrology